Answered by Steve, Hiring Expert at Caterpillar Inc., on Friday, September 23, 2016
When answering this question, think about what the interviewer is trying to ascertain from it. Specifically, they are wanting to see if you have been thoughtful about your future and have a vision/mission for yourself. This will tell them how driven you are to get to a certain place in your career. Therefore, it is important to answer with an ambitious, but realistic plan. It will be difficult for you to answer this using the nomenclature of the company at which you are interviewing, so use more general terms such as 'leading a team of thought leaders who working to change the way we do X' or something similar. Don't be concerned about alienating the interviewer and worrying about them not wanting you because you don't want that particular job for your entire career. They want someone who is ambitious, determined, and looking to do great things in their career.